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Web Hosting Beginner Guide

Nowadays, it is very easy and affordable to own a website.

CMS platforms like WordPress and Joomla are free and easy to use, a .com domain costs roughly $10 annually; and a good shared hosting account costs less than $10 per month. It has come to a point where everyone can truly have his/her piece of land on the World Wide Web.

Type of Web Hosting
Generally, there are four different types of web hosting: Shared, Virtual Private Server (VPS), Dedicated, and Cloud Hosting. While all types of hosting servers will act as a storage centre for your website, they differ in the amount of storage capacity, control, technical knowledge requirement, server speed, and reliability. Let’s dig in and look at the main differences between a shared, VPS, dedicated, and cloud hosting.

Shared Server Hosting
Introduction
In shared hosting, one’s web site is placed on the same server as many other sites, ranging from a few to hundreds or thousands. Typically, all domains may share a common pool of server resources, such as RAM and the CPU. As cost is extremely low, most websites with moderate traffic levels running standard software are hosted on this type of server. Shared hosting is also widely accepted as the entry level option as it requires minimum technical knowledge.
Disadvantages
No root access, limited ability to handle high traffic levels or spikes, site performance can be affected by other sites on the same server.

Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting
Introduction
A virtual private server hosting divides a server into virtual servers, where each websites is like hosted on their own dedicated server, but they’re actually sharing a server with a few different other users. The users may have root access to their own virtual space and better secured hosting environment with this type of hosting. Websites that need greater control at the server level, but don’t want to invest in a dedicated server.
Disadvantages
Limited ability to handle high traffic levels or spikes, your site performance can still be somewhat affected by other sites on the server.

Dedicated Server Hosting
Introduction
A dedicated server offers the maximum control over the web server your website is stored on – You exclusively rent an entire server. Your website(s) is the only website stored on the server.
Disadvantages
With great power comes… well, greater cost. Dedicated servers are very expensive and it’s only recommended to those who need the maximum control and better server performance.

Cloud Hosting
Introduction
Cloud hosting offers unlimited ability to handle high traffic or traffic spikes. Here’s how it works: A team of servers (called a cloud) work together to host a group of websites. This allows multiple computers to work together to handle high traffic levels or spikes for any particular website.
Disadvantages
Many cloud hosting setup do not offers root access (required to change server settings and install some software), higher cost.